SCHILDKRAUT, RUDOLPH (1862–1930), German actor; a star of the European and American theater. Born in Istanbul, Schildkraut grew up in Romania, and studied in Vienna. He subsequently acted in Vienna, Hamburg, and Berlin and won acclaim on the German stage with his portrayal of Shylock, which remained one of his great roles. Another of his notable characterizations was Jankel Shabshowitz in sholem asch 's God of Vengeance (1918). For five years he played at the Deutsches Schauspielhaus and then at max reinhardt 's theater. Going for a few years to America in 1911, he appeared for a season in the Yiddish theater, after which he resumed playing in German and English. The Yiddish plays in which he starred ranged from Kreutzer Sonata, based on Tolstoy, to shomer 's Eikele Mazik. Back in Germany, he performed in movies such as Der Shylock von Krakau (1913), Daemon und Mensch (1915), and Schlemihl (1915), in which he acted alongside his son, Joseph, in the latter's debut. After the family immigrated to America, he appeared in films such as His People (1925), The King of Kings (1927), A Ship Comes In (1928), and Christina (1929). His son, JOSEPH SCHILDKRAUT (1896–1964), grew up in Vienna, spent three years (1910–13) at the Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York during a tour his family made in America, but made his stage debut in Berlin under Max Reinhardt, in 1913. Returning to the United States he acted in Liliom (1921–23) and Peer Gynt (1923) for Theater Guild, then went to Hollywood and into a film career. He starred in many pictures and for a time managed the Hollywood Playhouse. Among his many roles, he appeared as Alfred Dreyfus in the movie The Life of Emile Zola (1937), for which he received the 1938 Academy Award for the Best Supporting Actor, and the heroine's father in The Diary of Anne Frank (1959). Schildkraut was an actor of vivid personality and wide range. His autobiography, My Father and I, appeared in 1950. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: New York Times (Jan. 23, 1964). (Joseph Leftwich / Noam Zadoff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Schildkraut, Rudolph — (1862 1930)    Born in Constantinople, Rudolph Schildkraut acted for Max Reinhardt in Germany and Austria, scoring a notable success as King Lear and appearing in German motion pictures. He immigrated to New York to become a leading man with the… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Schildkraut, Rudolph — (1862 1930)    German actor. He was born in Istanbul, and grew up in Romania. He was an actor in Vienna, Hamburg and Berlin. In 1911 he settled in America, where he appeared in the Yiddish theatre; later he acted in German and English productions …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rudolph Schildkraut — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schildkraut. Rudolph Schildkraut (27 avril 1862 à Istanbul 15 juillet 1930 à Los Angeles) est un acteur de cinéma et de théâtre américain d origine autrichienne, qui fut une star du cinéma muet allemand.… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Schildkraut, Joseph — (1895 1964)    Born in Vienna as the son of German actor Rudolph Schildkraut, Joseph Schildkraut came to New York with his father and Rudolph became a celebrated Yiddish theatre actor. Joseph Schildkraut had studied with Max Reinhardt in Germany… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

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  • Rudolf Schildkraut — Rudolph Schildkraut (* 27. April 1862 in Istanbul, Türkei; † 15. Juli 1930 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Film und Theaterschauspieler österreichischer Herkunft. Leben In der Türkei als Kind eines jüdischen Hoteliers… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Josef Schildkraut — Joseph Schildkraut mit der Opernsängerin Maria Olszewska, 1932 Joseph Schildkraut (* 22. März 1896 in Wien, Österreich; † 21. Januar 1964 in New York City …   Deutsch Wikipedia